20-09-2008, 10:42 PM
There is a great desire by many individuals and entities worldwide to convert the energy contained in indigenous biomass resources to useful forms of fuel and power at a cost that is competitive with non-renewable energy resources and with a responsible view toward the environment. Hence a new generation of small-scale biomass fueled power plants are being developed based on a gas turbine prime mover. These power plants are expected to increase the efficiency and lower the cost of generating power from fuels such as wood. They are also expected to economically utilize annual plant growth materials (such as rice hulls, cotton gin trash, nutshells, and various straws, grasses, and animal manures) that are not normally considered as fuel for power plants.
This seminars summarizes the new power generation concept with emphasis on its engineering challenges.
This project should be highly emphasized in terms of cost efficiency. Many people believe that the act of pollution abatement requires a great deal of financial investment. However, this example has demonstrated that the concept is not entirely true. Also, the process of managing waste while producing energy at the same time is extremely desirable for sustainable development practices because it increases development and improves the environment. When introducing new and environmentally friendly energy, supply of the energy needs to be consistent, appropriate for the climate, and government needs to give support in terms of incentives for use. Producing energy from biomass seems like a simple and cheap practice to adopt.
Biomass may contribute to a large extent to a sustainable Energy Future in Europe. Specially, due to its properties biomass is best suited for small scale decentralized CHP-Plants. Limited interest in bioenergy within the last decades leads to a lack of efficient technologies for this purpose. Increased research work, a closer cooperation among research institutes and industry and a better information transfer are essential to activate the enormous potential of biomass..